NOTES ON TREATING AND TRAINING BEAGLES
(From February 1916) By Everett G. Tulledge, Oakfield Wisconsin.
Having been requested several times write a letter for the Fox and Hound and having many other outside duties to perform and not being much of a journalist, I hesitated. The closing of the beagle season this last November was a very successful one for me and every pup a winner and every customer a satisfied one and a satisfied customer is my best advertisement, except Fox and Hound. My kennels are not very extensive, having only twelve brood matrons and two stud dogs. I sent out over 60 pups and trained dogs last season. I aim to breed quality beagles not quantity and the best stock obtainable is none too good as quality remains long to be remembered after the price has been forgotten.
I breed mostly Florist Ch. Hempfield’s Little Dandy, Ch. Fitz and Windholmes strains and I usually send away one or two of my best brood matrons every season to the best stud obtainable to get new stock in my kennels. I ship most of my dogs on approval and I have failed to have a single complaint this season and none returned, and every one a satisfied customer.
As to feeding and management of my kennels, I will describe briefly. I use mostly finely flowered whole oats cooked well into a porridge with meat scraps sometimes in winter. I use one-half quantity corn meal finely flowered as it is more heatening, cooked well done into a porridge and occasionally, once or twice a week, a green bone to gnaw with a little meat on. In summer I use mostly oatmeal with meat scraps occasionally mixed with vegetables. They seem to relish this diet and develop strong with plenty of bone and muscle and lots of vitality. In summer I get the youngsters a can of fresh churned buttermilk from the creamery once a day which they relish almost as much as sweet milk and it has a tendency to act as a gentle laxative and it keeps them pretty free from worms. At the age of five to six weeks, at weaning time, I give them a vermifuge of the following mixture which I will give for the benefit of the readers, being a registered pharmacist and having taken a course in medicine, I have occasion to come in contact with some of the most eminent veterinaries on canine diseases of the country and have compounded remedies for them which I carefully scrutinized and noted their effects on young pups. I have found the following recipe best: Ax oleo resin maliferm 10 drops; powd. kofala, 1/2 gr.; Santonine, 1/2 gr.; put into capsules and given one at a dose for three successive mornings one-half hour before feeding, followed by a dose of castor oil, and repeated in a week or ten days to succeed in expelling any ova that may have been hatched during the mean time. For six months old pups or grown dogs I find nothing is equal to powdered Areca Nut 1 gr. in weight to each pound of the dog, followed by a dose of castor oil. Although a little more severe there is no danger if the directions and dose are followed carefully. It may be given in powder form or capsules placed well back on the root of the tongue or in a little gruel. For distemper there is nothing equal to some of the distemper serums or preventatives. I have found these two diseases to be the greatest scourages among kennel men.
A word or two about breaking. Gun shyness is the hardest of all. After the youngsters are three months old I begin shooting blank cartridges over their feed at feeding time. At first a few of the more timid ones will refuse to come out and eat for a few times but after missing a few meals they will begin to come to it. By this method I have no gunshyness to contend with.
Starting usually at the age of three months, I begin to take them out with an old dog and let them sniff around and when the old dog starts a rabbit I aim to shoot it and give it to them to sniff at and chew and find out what it is. The next time I take them out alone and that way I get them nicely started before shipping. If any of them are a little slow starting, I take them out with the old dog again a few times. The balance of training I usually leave to the purchaser as no two men have the same idea how a dog should work.
As to the size of beagles, I prefer larger ones, 14 to 15 inches, as the demand for that size is greatest with me although I breed them down to 12 inches. Here in Northern Wisconsin we have lots of cut over country and deep snows which makes it difficult for the smaller dogs to endure. I prefer the larger dog that will give me a merry chase all day and come home ready for another round of pleasure in the morning instead of me giving the dog one.
So much for the followers of the merry little hound.
Yours very truly,
EVERETT G. TULLEDGE,
Pleasant View Kennels,